Liquorice or licorice is the root of Glycyrrhiza glabra from which a somewhat sweet flavor can be extracted. The liquorice plant is a legume that is native to southern Europe and parts of Asia. It is not botanically related to anise, star anise, or fennel, which are sources of similar flavouring compounds.
Liquorice flavour is found in a wide variety of liquorice candies or sweets. In most of these candies the taste is reinforced by aniseed oil, and the actual content of liquorice is very low. Liquorice confections are primarily purchased by consumers in the European Union.
In the Netherlands, where liquorice candy ("drop") is one of the most popular forms of sweet, only a few of the many forms that are sold contain aniseed, although mixing it with mint, menthol or with laurel is quite popular. Mixing it with ammonium chloride ('salmiak') is also popular. The most popular liquorice, known in the Netherlands as zoute drop (salty liquorice) actually contains very little salt, i.e. sodium; the salty taste is probably due to ammonium chloride, and the blood pressure raising effect is due to glycyrrhizin, see below. Strong, salty candies are popular in Scandinavia.
Pontefract in Yorkshire was the first place where liquorice mixed with sugar began to be used as a sweet in the same way it is in the modern day. Pontefract cakes were originally made there. In County Durham, Yorkshire and Lancashire it is colloquially known as Spanish, supposedly because Spanish monks grew liquorice root at Rievaulx Abbey near Thirsk.
Liquorice is popular in Italy (particularly in the South) and Spain in its natural form. The root of the plant is simply dug up, washed and chewed as a mouth freshener. Throughout Italy unsweetened liquorice is consumed in the form of small black pieces made only from 100% pure liquorice extract; the taste is bitter and intense. In Calabria a popular liqueur is made from pure liquorice extract. Liquorice is also very popular in Syria where it is sold as a drink. Dried liquorice root can be chewed as a sweet. Black liquorice contains approximately 100 calories per ounce (15 kJ/g).
The compound glycyrrhizin (or glycyrrhizic acid), found in liquorice, has been proposed as being useful for liver protection in tuberculosis therapy, however evidence does not support this use which may in fact be harmful. Glycyrrhizin has also demonstrated antiviral, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective and blood-pressure increasing effects in vitro and in vivo, as is supported by the finding that intravenous glycyrrhizin (as if it is given orally very little of the original drug makes it into circulation) slows the progression of viral and autoimmune hepatitis. Liquorice has also demonstrated promising activity in one clinical trial, when applied topically, against atopic dermatitis. Additionally liquorice has also proven itself effective in treating hyperlipidaemia (a high amount of fats in the blood). Liquorice has also demonstrated efficacy in treating inflammation-induced skin hyperpigmentation. Liquorice may also be useful in preventing neurodegenerative disorders and cavities. Anti-ulcer, laxative, anti-diabetic, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, antitumour and expectorant properties of liquorice have also been noted.
In traditional Chinese medicine, liquorice is commonly used in herbal formula to "harmonize" the other ingredients in the formula and to carry the formula to the twelve "regular meridians".
Liquorice may be useful in conventional and naturopathic medicine for both mouth ulcers and peptic ulcers.
Famous family lipped sage, called by the people more noble or garden sage, royal sage, muscat grass, or clary sage, comes from southern Europe and the country is sown in gardens.
The colors of the garden sage is mostly used for gargling or to make vinegar (a handful of flowers soaking in natural vinegar), which at a long illness used for beneficial and revitalizing rub. The leaves are harvested before flowering in May and June. As in sunny, dry days the plant develops essential oils, the leaves are harvested only when the sun, it's best to be at noon, and dried in the shade.
However more healing from Polish Sage is the aforementioned noble or garden sage. Sage was highly appreciated healing plant since our ancestors.
Frequent drinking of sage tea strengthens the body, prevents strokes and works very well with paralysis. Along with lavender, it is the only herb that helps with night sweats. It refutes the disease, which causes night sweats through vitalizing forces drove it greatest weakness caused by this affliction. Many doctors already realized the best qualities of sage: they used it with great success in spasms, spinal cord disease, endocrine and Tremors. For these diseases are daily drink two cups of tea sips. The tea is great and reflects a sick liver, removes gases and other symptoms associated with liver disorders. It works blood purification, promote sputum from the respiratory tract and stomach, stimulates appetite and removes intestinal disorders and diarrhea. Insect stings imposed crushed leaves of sage.
External sage tea is especially recommended for any tonsillitis, sore throat, purulent foci teeth, inflammation of the pharynx and oral cavity. Many children and adults would come to tonsillectomy if time had begun with sage. If you no tonsils that a police stop and process toxic substances, then these poisonous substances directly affect the kidneys. Infusions of sage helps with bleeding and shaking teeth periodontal disease and ulcerations on the gum. It gargle or cotton balls soaked in it imposed on those places. For people with weak nerves and women with sick stomach is very important to do sometimes sitz baths with sage.
A high biological activity: laxative, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory, choleretic, antimicrobial. Received and preparations: Pulvis laxans rosae and Pulvis laxans compositus (laxative), Rosanol (c cholagogue and antispasmodic action), Rosalin (topical wounds of various kinds).
The colors of the white rose is used as a mild laxative (rose jam) in our traditional medicine. They apply for worms (pinworms, Askari). Finding and external application in slow healing wounds. The colors of the red rose, which contain much tannin constituents apply for gastrointestinal disorders, inflammation of the gums, angina. Rose oil is markedly laxative effect on the smooth muscle, anti-microbial effect, as well as a sedative and antiallergic effects, and used in the therapy of inflammations and dyskinesias of the biliary tract, bronchial asthma and other diseases.
Chamomile has anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, analgesic, antispasmodic-inflammatory, sedative, diaphoretic and other actions.
As anti-inflammatory and analgesic chamomile is used internally and externally for a number of diseases: inflammation of the digestive system - the lining of the mouth, gums, analgesic, throat, toothache, gastritis, enteritis, colitis (with pain and colic), ulcers in the stomach and duodenum.
Externally, it is applied as a wash for inflammation of the conjunctiva, hemorrhoids, painful and difficult healing wounds, eczema wetting sweating of the feet, etc..
By way of inhalation is prescribed for influenza, pharyngitis, laryngitis, and the like. Emollient chamomile is used in painful menstruation and sleep disturbances.
Chamomile is used in cosmetics to freshen the skin and to maintain color of blond hair.
Fruits of anise due to the rich content of essential oil have brought up, antiseptic and antispasmodic action. Moreover anise acts diaphoretic and temperature decreasing.
Fruits of anise enjoy great popularity as a remedy for cough of various origins. Contribute to the dilution and removal of bronchial secretions (secretolytic action). Apply for angina, laringitis hoarse voice, pharyngitis, chronic bronchitis, bronchial asthma. In folk medicine, anise is also used in various diseases of the gastrointestinal tract - Astrit, enterocolitis painful colic, flatulence (gas) and others. Apply even in diseases of the urinary system - inflammatory diseases of the urinary tract, kidney disease and others.
In folk medicine, anise is used to stimulate milk secretion in nursing mothers.
The essential oil of thyme is made up of 20-54% thymol. Thymol is an antiseptic and is the main active ingredient in Listerine mouthwash. Thyme is used to treat fungal infections. It serves as a natural disinfectant. Before the advent of modern antibiotics, it was used for medical dressings.
Medicinally, thyme is used as a respiratory infection, cough and bronchitis - in the form of a tincture, a herbal tea, an ointment, a syrup or by inhalation of the vapor. Since thyme is antiseptic, boiled in water and cooled is very effective against inflammation of the throat.
The inflammation usually disappear within four - five days. Thymol and other volatile components contained in the leaves of thyme is lipid-soluble and have an antimicrobial action. In traditional Jamaican childbirth practice after giving tea thyme mother. Oxytocin causes uterine contractions and more rapid delivery of the placenta. Thyme has deodorizing and disinfecting.
It has an antiseptic and helps prevent inflammation in the skin. Thyme opens pores and regulate the activity of sebaceous glands. Bathrooms made with thyme treats diseases of the respiratory system and calming the nervous system. Compresses thyme are suitable for oily skin. Perspiration of the feet and hands is made with thyme infusion. In eczema, pustules and itching using cream and thyme.
Rosemary can be used for general strengthening of the body, to excite the appetite and diuretic. The herb has a very refreshing and invigorating effect. When accumulated stress and mental fatigue, it is an ideal tonic and restores a sense of ease. Also acts refunds sick and have recently severe infectious disease. There are many well-marked diuretic effect. Because it stimulates the secretion of gastric glands, the herb improves digestion. There is some evidence that it has a clear anti-herpes action.
Slow healing wounds heal more quickly thanks to the rosemary. Bile and its secretion is stimulated by the adoption of rosemary tea. Colds and flu is also very useful to establish a rosemary infusion. For the treatment of vaginal discharge and other gynecological complaints is well patients accept rosemary, because thanks to him the symptoms gradually disappear.
Mint is used to treat stomach aches, chest pain /as tea/. Tough, sharp flavor and scent of mint is sometimes used as a mild decongestant for illnesses such as colds. Mint tea is a strong diuretic.
Peppermint is used as antipruritik / alleviates itching /, especially for treatment of insect bite / frequently with camphor /. Peppermint oil helps against nausea, flatulence (intestinal gas).
Mint regained appetite, relieves spasms in the digestive tract. Should be taken in small doses / as tea /. Mentha herb is suitable for the treatment of biliary tract disease, chronic pancreatitis, cholelithiasis, disorder, and has anti-inflammatory and choleretic effect. Peppermint is used in the treatment of upper respiratory tract bronchitis. Antiseptic and analgesic. Menthol is a component of many drugs for cardiovascular diseases.
Due to the essential oil has antiseptic drugs, anesthetic, anti-inflammatory and vasoconstrictor activity.
In the form of a setting or a decoction or eucalyptus essential oil eucalyptus are used for inhalations in inflammatory diseases of the throat, in tracheitis, bronchitis, abscess and necrosis of the lung. Indoor use a decoction of the leaves as an expectorant and antiseptic agent in chronic bronchitis. A decoction of leaves of eucalyptus is used externally in the form of a poultice or rinsing of purulent wounds, abscesses, phlegmons, and washes in gynecological practice. Eucalyptus oil is used for coating the nasal mucosa (2:100 in sunflower oil) in the cold, influenza and the like. And for the treatment of various suppurative skin diseases.
The most important functions of calcium in human body have been associated with bleeding conduct nerve impulses , muscle contraction , the construction of the bone tissue . features :
The main function of calcium is structural . The skeleton of an adult male contains about 1.2 kg of calcium. There is a continuous movement of calcium between the skeleton and blood , and other body parts. This is precisely controlled by hormonite.Kaltsiyat also plays a role in cell biology. Calcium may be associated with a wide range of proteins altering their biological activity . This is important in nerve impulse transmission and muscle contraction . Calcium is also required for the clotting of blood , activating clotting factors.
Vitamin D is necessary for the absorption of dietary calcium and thus calcium deficiency may be associated with rickets in children . In adults, calcium deficiency can lead to osteomalacia ( softening of the bones ) . This may be associated with repeated pregnancies lengthy nursing .
Osteoporosis may be caused by calcium deficiency . This involves the loss of calcium from bones and reduced bone density. This causes bones to be fragile and prone to breakage. Bone loss occurs with age in all individuals. This usually occurs after 35-40 years, and includes a reduction in the skeleton. Bone loss is greater in women during menopause . This leads to a reduction in the levels of hormones , oestrogen. After menopause , women are particularly at risk for osteoporosis.
The risk of osteoporosis can be altered by factors other than the diet. Lack of exercise , underweight , smoking and alcohol can increase the risk .
The low level of calcium in the blood and tissues may result in hypocalcaemia. These include sensations of tingling and numbness and muscle twitching . In more severe cases may lead to a muscle spasm . This is called tetany. This is more likely to be due to hormonal imbalance in the regulation of calcium rather than a dietary deficiency . Excess calcium in the blood can cause nausea , vomiting, and calcium deposition in the heart and kidney. This usually results from excessive doses of vitamin D and can be fatal in infants .
Calcium is present in a wide range of foods. Dairy products, green leafy vegetables , nuts and seeds ( almonds , Brazil nuts , sesame seeds ) , tofu and dried fruits are all good sources of calcium for vegetarians . The majority of the flour is fortified with calcium carbonate , and cereals are also good sources . Hard water can also contain calcium. Meat is a very poor source of calcium.
Of dairy products with the highest calcium content are whey , goat cheese and cheese . Vine leaves and kale are among the first in content among vegetables. Oats , corn flour and wheat bran are good sources of calcium. Dried fruits rich in calcium include dried figs , raisins, dates . Of pulses are first soybeans , soy flour and beans . Record in calcium content of nuts is sesame , followed by almonds and flaxseeds .
Calcium balance can be affected by many different factors. Vitamin D is essential for absorption of calcium from the gut . This is because the calcium in the body is carried by a specific protein which requires vitamin D on its synthesis .
A number of substances can inhibit the absorption of calcium. Phytic acid, found in bran, whole grains and raw vegetables of these substances. Ironic acid, a component of dietary fiber, and oxalic acid which is found in certain fruit and vegetables may also be associated with calcium. However, diets , usually high in these acids is not considered to have a significant effect on calcium absorption . Saturated fats can also reduce absorption.
Calcium excreted in the stool, urine and sweat . The loss is approximately equal to the ration for adults. Calcium loss is reduced if its adoption is low. Adaptation to increases and decreases calcium intakes occur. Reduced intake increases the efficiency of absorption . In infants and children calcium is retained for bone growth. Calcium is also lost through breastfeeding.
No foods that naturally contain vitamin B12 - neither animal or vegetable . This vitamin ( B12 ) is a microbe / bacteria and produced by the microorganisms . So here's the answer: it is not necessary to consume animal products can get vitamin B12, but only to maintain good intestinal hygiene and health. Bacteria living in our gut produce B12, which is then absorbed through the digestive tract. This can not happen if the gastrointestinal tract is not a favorable environment for the growth and multiplication of good microflora ( probiotics ) . Or is blocked by thick sediment unused protein from meat , dairy products and gluten - containing products such as wheat.
- Consume plenty of raw and possibly clean vegetable products ( seeds, nuts , sprouts and not least algae) .
- Try at least 50 % of your daily menu consist of such foods .
- Claimed that wild and domestic crops quantities of cobalamin ( other name of B12) is much greater , since in both cases not using fertilizers and chemicals. One infamous person in the world of health and raw vegan nutrition David Wolfe believes that consumed daily wild and homegrown foods will surely provide us with the necessary daily requirements of vitamins .
- Also reduce and avoid eating meat, poultry , dairy and gluten - containing foods , which will significantly increase the internal acidity of the environment and effectively masked the intestinal wall with a thick layer of mucus , preventing the absorption of B12.
- Avoid pasteurized and subjected to microwave food; Food with a large number of e- supplements ( various additives, flavors, artificial colors , stabilizers , etc., aiming only to conceal the true taste of the finished product and extend its shelf life ) .
- Try to replace them with natural raw fruits and vegetables and leafy green .
- Add to your menu rich in nutrients algae spirulina , chlorella , AFA phytoplankton as they are both part of plant and microbial and partially contain this much discussed nowadays vitamin. Besides the contents of B12, phytoplankton is a wonderful source of balanced omega fatty acids (Omega 3 , Omega 6 and Omega 9) and in most cases do not present a risk of mercury poisoning, as occurs with the use of fish oil .
It helps the cells to multiply. Is needed for the formation of the placenta and the construction of the bone marrow of the embryo. The best source is raw green vegetables - lettuce , spinach , peas , parsley, broccoli. Folic acid has the bread , liver, soft cheeses , citrus fruits , oatmeal , wheat germ . In some countries, folic acid is used as a food additive in the production of pasta.
Adequate consumption of folic acid reduce the risk of birth defects in the baby 70% by contributing to the proper development of the spinal cord , the brain , the formation of DNA and the proper development of the cells. The vitamin has a positive impact on the body of the mother - tones and reduces the levels of stress hormones. Particularly useful for women prone to anemia.
The large number of derivatives of compounds with similar biological activity , termed folates , are involved in a number of enzymes involved in the synthesis of a large number of amino acids and nucleotides , and thus they play a key role in the synthesis of deoxyribonucleic and ribonucleic acid ( RNA and DNA ), which define cell division. Folate is found in various foods, but most of them rich liver . They come in dark green leafy vegetables such as spinach, rhubarb , lettuce and other wheat germ , yeast , egg yolk, whole-grain bread , beetroot .
Since the body does not produce vitamins , it must be obtained mostly through food or tablets . Folic acid is the only nutrient in which the needs of pregnant women increased twice . Required amount in pregnant women is 400 micrograms ( 0.4 milligrams ) daily.
Folic acid deficiency in the body causes disturbances of cell division, most prominently in the rapidly regenerating ( recovering ) tissues. A deficiency of this vitamin , with vitamin B12 deficiency lead to disturbances in the formation of red blood cells in the spinal cord and megaloblastic anemia ; may cause disorders in myelin sheaths of the peripheral nerves , and degenerative changes in the spinal cord. Folate deficiency is particularly dangerous in the first two months of pregnancy women , as even moderate deficiency increases the risk of developmental disorders of neural tube and fetal malformations, commonly called . Spina bifida ; also premature separation of the placenta, abortion.
It is difficult to reach a sufficient intake of vitamin through this food, especially during pregnancy , when it needs to be double - high , since no specific rich dietary sources of folic acid ( with the exception of the liver) . Therefore, for the avoidance of folic acid deficiency in the critical first months of pregnancy and reduce the risk of congenital birth defects , women who plan to become pregnant are advised to take extra folic acid supplementation . It has been found that folate deficiency increases the risk of certain types of cancer , which is associated with the synthesis of DNA ineffective and disruption of cell physiology and structure . Folate deficiency is most often associated with a higher incidence of cancer of the colon. On the other hand , for the propagation of certain malignant cells also need vitamin B9. On this basis, acting powerful anticancer drug methotrexate. It blocks folates in some tumor cells. Cancer patients should not take this vitamin without consulting your doctor. Folic acid , together with vitamin B6 and vitamin B12 play an important role in the metabolism of sulfur -containing amino acid methionine , and their deficiency results in accumulation of homocysteine bioproduct that causes changes in atherosclerotic blood vessels. It has been found that the scarcity of these three vitamins in the body leads to an increase in the risk of cardiovascular disease , including coronary heart disease and stroke. Folic acid is of low toxicity , but is not recommended to take large amounts of vitamins , since they can mask existing vitamin B12 deficiency due to related functions of both vitamins .
The specific function of biotin (vitamin H) metabolism lies in the fact that it is a component of the active site of enzymes biotin-dependent performing carboxylation reactions, and including in the form of CO2 NSO3 in various organic acids.
In blood content of biotin (vitamin H) is 0.7 to 1.7 g / dL ( average 1.3 mcg / dL ). Urine along with biotin separate the derivatives in quantities 0.4-0.7 g per 1 kg of body weight per day. Deficiency of biotin may occur in seborrheic dermatitis and its most common form - Leinert disease in children at an early age. These diseases are often found in infants suffering from diarrhea, and explains the low receipt of biotin in human milk, possible loss of biotin during the disorder and changes in gastric and intestinal microflora. Symptoms of biotin deficiency can be seen in young children in the form of skin disorders (dermatitis rash on the neck, cysts of the hands, forearms, feet, followed by a series of pigmentation). Then appear in the language lesions, anorexia, nausea, depression, myalgia, hyperesthesia. Simultaneously showing anemia and an increased content of cholesterol.
Contained in: From foodstuffs of animal origin biotin rich liver and kidneys, and herbal products - rye and cauliflower. Biotin can be found in cow's milk and egg yolk.
Vitamin B1 (also known as thiamine) is a water soluble vitamin, first isolated from rice husks by Casimir Fun in 1912. Cure beriberi (weight loss, damage to the heart muscle dystrophy, nerve interference). Thiamine is a necessary substance for digestion of fats, the normal course of growth and function of the heart and nervous system. As was dissolved in water, does not accumulate in the body and is not toxic. Its absence in the body leads to damage to the nervous and cardiovascular system. Vitamin B1 is contained in radishes, rice flakes, peanuts, egg yolks, cereals, oatmeal , eggs and more. Tiaminpirofosfatat (TPF) is the active form of thiamine.
Another purpose is for the treatment of alcoholism, burns, gastrectomy, bowel disease, cirrhosis and hepatic dysfunction, hyperthyroidism, severe infectious diseases.
Vitamin B6, also known as pyridoxine, a part of the water-soluble vitamins of the B - complex . Unutilized portion of it is excreted from the body within 8 hours after dosing and like other B vitamins required by obtaining whole foods or supplements. Vitamin B6 promotes proper assimilation of fats and proteins and contributes to transformation of tryptophan (an essential amino acid) to niacin (vitamin B3). Pyridoxine is needed for the formation of antibodies and red blood cells. Alcohol, caffeine, birth control pills, canning and thermal processing of food, radiation and estrogen can cause destruction to pyridoxine or limit the absorption it. Lack of vitamin B6 causes damage to the immune system, skin and lead to mental confusion. According to some studies alcohol abuse and prolonged intake of oral contraceptives also cause deficiency of vitamin B6. Established a direct correlation between lack of vitamin B6 in plasma and tissues and obesity. Therefore, it is prescribed in higher in weight loss diets. Of all the B vitamins, vitamin B6 is important for the complete absorption of energy from carbohydrates and consequently the growth of the body for his role in the process of metabolism and assimilation of amino acids. Other beneficial effects of vitamin B6 are relieving nausea and reducing problems associated with dryness of the mouth and difficulty in urination. Associated with steroid receptors, and may be used in complex therapy for breast cancer or prostate cancer. It has been found that administration of the elderly, higher doses may be reduced by 67% the risk of heart disease. Vitamin B6 may also reduce the need for insulin in diabetic patients, but if the dose does not comply could obtain a decrease in blood glucose levels. Suffering from arthritis should also have to take B6. Pyridoxine operates optimally in combination with other vitamins of the B group, vitamin C, and magnesium. Vitamin B6 is found in many foods, mainly meat, cereals, vegetables and nuts, brewer's yeast, egg yolks, liver. Relatively resistant to heat treatment, but the cooking of waste was 20-40 % of it, depending on the vitamin Gorman. In vegetables is lost, at least in its processing, because they contain much more stable form of vitamin B6.
Pantothenic acid is a vitamin known as vitamin B5. Found in many plant and animal products, including cereals, eggs, milk and legumes.
Vitamin B5 is widespread in the market such as D - pantothenic acid, calcium pantothenate and dexpanthenol, which are created in the laboratory from D - panoten acid.
Pantothenic acid is often used in combination with other B vitamins Vitamin B complex often include vitamin B1 - thiamine, vitamin B2 - riboflavin, vitamin B3 - niacinamide or niacin, vitamin B5 - pantothenic acid, vitamin B6 - pyridoxine, vitamin B12 - cyanocobalamin, and folic acid.
Pantothenic acid has broad application, but so far there is not enough scientific evidence to support the importance of an independent therapeutic formula. So far is given as adjuvant therapy in the prescribed schedule. The most commonly used in food poverty, acne, alcoholism, allergy, deafness, asthma, disorders hiperaktivity , autism, burns, infections, heart failure, carpal tunnel syndrome, respiratory diseases, diseases of the caecum, colitis, conjunctivitis, convulsions and cystitis.
It is used for depression, diabetic wounds, progressive immune deficiency, improve muscle tone, infection of the tongue, graying of hair, headaches, low blood sugar, sleep problems, low blood pressure, multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophy, muscle cramps neuralgia and in obesity.
Pantothenic acid is involved in the therapeutic regimen for the treatment of osteoarthritis, rheumatism, Parkinson's disease, pain in the course of a nerve, premenstrual syndrome, an enlarged prostate, prevent mental and physical stress , for lowering the side effects of the therapy on hypothyreodism to maintain seasonal resistance to viral and bacterial infections, skin problems, for stimulation of the adrenal glands, chronic fatigue syndrome, and salicylate intoxication treatment of traumatic injuries.
Dexpanthenol as a derivative of pantothenic acid is administered at burning, itching due to eczema and skin allergies, insect bites and reptiles, and in the control of acne. In surgical oncology is important in maintenance therapy against the side effects of radiation on the skin and hair.
Niacin is a type of Vitamin B3. Found in Meat, fish, milk, eggs, green vegetables , cereals and pulses. Niacin (nicotinic acid) is a constituent of food additives.
B vitamins are essential for the loading of the body. All of this group of vitamins help the body to convert food (carbohydrates) in the fuel (glucose), which is combusted to produce energy. B vitamins are involved in the metabolism and, in particular, fat and protein; facilitate the proper functioning of the nervous system, are needed for the health of the skin, eyes, hair, and liver. Niacin helps lower bad cholesterol, reduces cardiovascular disease and increases good cholesterol.
Niacin prevents health problems occurring as a result of high cholesterol and clogging of blood vessels with plaque.
Intake of food rich in protein is the best way to obtain niacin. Selective lean poultry, plug in your diet fish, beef, natural peanut butter or beans. Niacin is found in cereals. Label of the food, which was noted in the content 10-19 % of daily intake are considered good sources of niacin. Labels by 20% or more are common sources.
Lack of niacin in the body is not typical for people taking food rich in protein. Chronic lack of vitamins causes the disease pellagra. The disease is characterized by diarrhea, dermatitis, and dementia.
Excess intake of niacin can cause flushing, rash or liver damage. In diabetics may increase glucose levels.
It is a powerful antioxidant that strengthens the immune system, fights infections, promotes more rapid healing of wounds and is important for the health of the gums, teeth and blood vessels. Also vital to the production of collagen, which are used for the construction of the body tissue and bone. In its natural state is found in most fruits and vegetables - citrus fruits, kiwi, strawberries, green vegetables and potatoes - acts as an antioxidant. Some research suggests that vitamin C can cure the common cold, but can relieve symptoms. Furthermore, there is evidence that long-term intake of vitamins in pills may protect against cataracts (cataracts). Study in Dubai assured that vitamin C increases sperm count and is therefore useful for men suffering from infertility. Nevertheless, excessive use of vitamin C is not recommended.
Taurine – functional properties:
Taurine is an organic acid and accounts for approximately 0.1% of total human body weight. It acts like an antioxidant. It helps for regulation of blood sugar level. Normalizes the intracellular exchange of potassium and sodium. Normalizes the rheological properties of blood.
Guarana is a unique Brazilian plant, known among the Indians as “elixir of youth”. It is used as stimulating and strengthening source, as well as aphrodisiac. It keeps people up and active for 4-6 hours. Accelerates the hydrolysis of fats and metabolic processes, improves the blood flow to the brain.
Caffeine is stimulates and regulates the process in the central nerve system. It increases the motor activity. It has a stimulating effect on the physical and intellectual working capacity.
Nutricosmetics: The new path to health and beauty
"Beauty - this is the promise of happiness" F. Nietzsche
As a result of increased requirements for ensuring the long-term health, vitality and beauty in recent years in a wide range of nutritional supplements on the market appeared a new class of products called nutricosmetics. Unlike conventional cosmetics, these products are taken orally in the form of tablets, capsules or liquid, provide necessary nutrients for the body to support and beauty of skin, hair, nails maintain fitness and healthy weight. In the formulation of products include nutricosmetic nutrients that provide vital connection between the health and capacity of nutrients to exhibit properties similar to or even more effective than those of cosmetic products. To develop nutricosmetic products using the most modern scientific and innovative formulas and technologies.
The prospects for achieving beauty through natural nutrients dates back to ancient times. Egyptian women have used the properties of food to maintain their appearance and rejuvenation. Nutricosmetic products are based on the theory that the key to beauty is health. Varied and healthy diet, active lifestyle is a condition for good physical shape and beauty. Everyday life, stress, environmental pollution, insufficient time allotted for food is reflected in the appearance. Modern beauties interested in eating, but eating habits in recent decades are changing and more and more food is not getting enough vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, amino acids, essential fatty acids and other beneficial nutrients. Today, consumers are increasingly aware that only cosmetic products for external use is difficult to resist aging, and also that part of the daily care for beauty and good looks are a healthy lifestyle combined with the adoption of appropriate supplements. Boundary between science and the development of nutricosmetic products becomes more narrow. Market products for good looks, which are considered in the mouth increases.
Regardless of gender, age, natural resources, profession, living, everyone wants to be young and beautiful as possible any longer. The face is the mirror of our emotions. It is in continuous movement - smile, laugh, frown - all these actions provoke the formation of wrinkles. The first lines appear more 25 years, over time the skin cells are updated more slowly and at 35 years naturally appear first expression lines. Therefore, the skin needs daily care and protection. In most cases the exterior cosmetics - creams, lotions, masks, which exhibit an effect only on the surface. Skin care by taking biologically active substances, however, allow the necessary substances to reach the structural components of the dermis (deep layer of the skin) and aging away.
In the modern world application of food ingredients in the formulation of products for beauty, health and good looks originated in the 80s of last century. One of the first products is designed to rejuvenate the skin.
Nutricosmetic products appear on the market and became popular first in Japan and then in Europe in recent years increased their demand in the United States. The effects of nutricosmetic products mainly focus on the following areas - skin, hair, nails and appearance. Nutricosmetic to support the activities of the skin is designed to restore skin rejuvenation, removal of pigmentation, providing elasticity and hydration of the skin, reduce wrinkles, protect from the sun, a good complexion rejuvenation. Products intended to support hair growth, recovery, volume, nourish the roots, and these nails are designed to improve rigidity, reduce frizz and stratification, a good appearance. Achieving a perfect appearance and slender figure is also supported by taking nutricosmetic supplements. Nutricosmetic food and nutritional supplements for beauty and improved appearance are functional products with new concept and with added features. They are the next logical and innovative step in the development of the industry and products for good looks.
The composition of nutricosmetic products include various active ingredients with a significant effect in maintaining the shape and youthful appearance and - vitamins ( A, D, E, C , folic acid , biotin, pantothenic acid and the like . ) , Vitamin- active substances ( Coenzyme Q -10 and the like . ) , minerals ( zinc , copper, magnesium, iron, chromium , selenium and the like.), enzymes (bromelain, papain and the like), antioxidants (carotenoids - lycopene, lutein, zeaxanthin, astaxanthin, etc.; flavonoids - Quercetin, catechins, rutin, etc.), amino acids (L- carnitine, lysine, glutamine, leucine, isoleucine, etc.) polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega - 3, omega - 6, conjugated linoleic acid, eicosapentaenoic, docosahexaenoic, etc.) vegetable extracts and other biologically active substances (hyaluronic acid, collagen, etc.). The high quality of the ingredients is guaranteed to use in production of modern technology and good manufacturing practice.
People's desire to look good and feel young science creates challenges related to the development of opportunities to use nutrients in the fight against aging and maintaining beauty. Grow and market nutricosmetic products in the world. Increasing variety of products and nutricosmetics more manufacturers appear on the international market, many cosmetic companies entering the sector.
According to Euromonitor in 2007 the share of cosmetic products for skin care market is $ 66 billion, with about 3-5% at the expense of nutricosmetic products. Market nutricosmetic products including dietary supplements and functional foods are about $ 56 billion potential market expansion relatively new nutriproducts are huge and the forecast to 2010 the share of nutriproducts to grow to $ 109 billion.
The global nutricosmetic products are estimated at several billions, it is assumed that, in the next 5 years will be doubled. In Japan, where the market is highly developed, there are individual shops offering only nutricosmetic products.
The expression "beauty from within" today is not just expressive metaphor! The effect of cosmetics - creams, masks, lotions can be enhanced by using nutricosmetics. The nutricosmetic is the future of the science of beauty. New formulas nutricosmetic products as a result of the development of science were created so that the necessary vitamins, minerals, components of plant extracts to nourish namely skin, hair, nails to secure the recovery of cell functions, revitalize the body and maintain a consistent figure. Relatively young market encourages research and development of innovative products. Companies are constantly working to improve the impact and quality of existing products. The nutricosmetics provide adequate grooming helps to keep the youth, health and vitality by saturating the body with necessary nutrients.
Doc. dr. V.Duleva, dm
Celled blue algae Spirulina bearing the name, recognized as one of the largest potential sources of protein and other vital nutrients in plants. Spirulina stimulates, strengthens and enhances the human immune system and is particularly useful in maintaining a healthy and balanced diet. Furthermore, because of the lack of cellulose cell walls, spirulina not require chemical or physical treatment to become digestible.
More than 21% of the oxygen in the world due to the algae, and the food with which feed all creatures, is directly or indirectly related to their use. There are data that show that people eating algae, rarely observed adverse conditions such as hypoglycemia, poor memory, chronic fatigue, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, weak immunity, skin problems, allergies, asthma and depression.
Spirulina in the form of dried seaweed has been known since the time of the ancient Maya and Aztecs, who with her help strengthen and rejuvenate your body. Preparate traditional cake, which was a major part of their menu. Today Spirulina continues to be part of the daily diet of the indigenous peoples of Africa and America, have developed methods for its cultivation in other countries.
Spirulina - the most nutritious plant on the planet
These algae are potentially important for human nutrition because of its overall nutritional quality: over 100 nutrients, of which 60-70% protein (dry matter), all essential amino acids, vitamins (A, E, B1, B2, B6, B12 - especially in large quantities), phytonutrients, blue phycocyanin (a potent immunostimulant with marked anti-cancer activity), carotenoids (over 17 different beta-carotenoids), minerals (iron, magnesium, calcium, phosphorus, iodine, selenium, manganese and zinc), unique pigments, omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids gamma-linolenic acid, powerful probiotic compounds chlorophyll and polysaccharides.
Scientists say that spirulina is one of the richest natural sources of antioxidants (higher content of phenolic acids and tocopherols), except that it contains 25 times more provitamin A than raw carrots and 50 times more organic iron than raw spinach. On the other hand, it is three times as high in vitamin E from crude wheat germ, and the protein concentration therein is three times greater than in the red meat, fish and poultry.
Spirulina has a natural sweet taste, due to the complex sugars - rhamnose, which is very easy to redistribute and this is very important for insulin apparatus of the pancreas. It should be noted that in 1 g of dry weight algae has only 4 calories and almost no cholesterol.
Celled blue algae - irreplaceable natural dietary supplement.
- Spirulina is a valuable supplement for athletes and people involved in bodybuilding. It is particularly suitable for those who want to reduce their weight and at the same time to keep good figure.
- The presence of gamma-linolenic acid, which is essential for the development of babies, lowers high blood pressure and cholesterol in adult patients. It relieves the symptoms of arthritis, premenstrual pain, and a number of skin conditions (eczema, psoriasis, etc.).
- The high content of non-toxic and easily absorbed iron makes it extremely valuable for blood.
- New studies confirm the potential protective effects of spirulina on the liver and its preventive nature against allergic reactions.
- These algae are expressed antiviral, antibacterial and anti-mutagenic properties.
- its rich mineral content is very important to maintain healthy structure of teeth, nails and bones.
- Significantly slows down aging by neutralizing free radicals.
- Spirulina is particularly appropriate means to healing therapy of diseases such as anorexia. It is suitable for vegans and vegetarians because it contains twice as much protein from soybeans.
- Extract from spirulina is used as an active ingredient in many cosmetic products whose use is to stimulate and improve metabolism, blood flow and elasticity of the skin.
Spirulina is a powerful alkalizing food with proven therapeutic effect in hypoglycemia, anemia, ulcers, gout, hepatitis, diseases of the cardiovascular system, chronic fatigue, and reduce obesity.
What is Geraniol?
Geraniol is acyclic monoterpene-alcohol. Pure geraniol is a colourless oily liquid, with a sweet rose-like scent.
Bergamot, carrot, coriander, lavender, lemon, lime, nutmeg, orange, rose, blueberry and blackberry.
Health Benefits of Geraniol
Geraniol is a natural antioxidant. Geraniol has been suggested to help prevent cancer. Carnesecchi S. et al demonstrated in his study "Geraniol, a component of Plant Essential Oils, Inhibits Grwoth and Polyamine Biosyntehsis in Human Colon Cancer Cells", (Pharmacology, July 2001) that geraniol caused a 50% increase of ornithine decarboxylase activity, which is enhances during cancer growth. Geraniol inhibits DNA synthesis. Burk YD concluded in his study "Inhibition of Pancreatic Cancer Growth by the dietary isoprenoids farnesol and geraniol" (Lipids, February 1997) that geraniol, farnesol and perilll alcohol suppress pancreatic tumor growth. Other animal studies have also demonstrated the anticancer effects of geraniol.
Facts about Geraniol
Geraniol is mainly used in perfumery and flavouring.
Isomalt is a sugar substitute, a type of sugar alcohol, used primarily for its sugar-like physical properties. It has only a small impact on blood sugar levels and does not promote tooth decay. It has 2 kilocalories/g, half the calories of sugars. However, like most sugar alcohols (with the exception of erythritol), it carries a risk of gastric distress, including flatulence and diarrhoea, when consumed in large quantities. Therefore, isomalt is advised to not be consumed in quantities larger than about 50 g per day for adults and 25 g for children. Isomalt may prove upsetting to the stomach because the body treats it as adietary fiber instead of as a simple carbohydrate. Therefore, like most fibers, it can increase bowel movements, passing through the bowel in virtually undigested form. As with other dietary fibers, regular consumption of isomalt might eventually lead one to become desensitized to it, decreasing the risk of stomach upset. Isomalt is typically blended with a high-intensity sweetener such as sucralose, so that the mixture has approximately the sweetness of sugar.
Isomalt is a disaccharide composed of the two sugars glucose and mannitol. It is an odorless, white, crystalline substance containing about 5% water of crystallisation. Isomalt has a minimal cooling effect (positive heat of solution), lower than many other sugar alcohols, in particular, xylitol and erythritol. Isomalt is unusual in that it is a natural sugar alcohol that is produced from beets. An interesting use of isomalt is found in the product DiabetiSweet, a sugar substitute sold for baking use and composed of a blend of isomalt andacesulfame potassium, but it has a bitter taste (due to the acesulfame potassium) and lacks the caramelising properties of sugar.
Isomalt has been approved for use in the United States since 1990. It is also permitted for use in Australia, New Zealand, Norway, Iran and the Netherlands. (note: List of countries is not exhaustive).
Isomalt can be used in sugar sculpture and is preferred by some because it will not crystallise as quickly as sugar.